The Roma Community in Albania. The Assimilationist Tendencies during Communism and the recent situation

  • Elisabeta Osmanaj Aleksandër Xhuvani University
Keywords: Roma community, totalitarian system, assimilation, perception, rights


Roma community in Albania is thought to be located around the XV century. There is uncertainty on their arrival in the Balkans. Roma community in Albania is treated as second-class citizens with few opportunities of integration. Today the situation of the Roma community still remains poor and has a lot of challenges. The researcher through this study aims to recognize us on Roma community in Albania, the Albanian perception through personalities in different historical periods. For this study are used historical documents, the archive materials whose opinions by scholars as well as comparative analysis of studies on this field. Throwing light on the study of assimilation trends seeks to establish a clear picture of the situation of Roma in the communist system, which misinterpreted at times. Albania's communist system did not deny the right to education, to vote, to work, but did not recognize them as a minority ever. Participation in informal activities was provided supplementary income and privilege compared with other groups but they remained unformed part of society. Only few people from Roma community who have completed higher education levels during communist period are well and their status relative to the Albanian population grew steadily improved.


Crowe, D., Kolsti, J., Hankok, I. (1991). Albanian gypsies: the silent survivors. Jn A. Crowe and J. Kolsti (Eds.), The gypsies in Eastern Europe. Routledge.

Koinova, M. (2000). Minorities in southeast Europe: roma of Albania. Center for Documentation and Information on Minorities in Europe. Southeast Europe (CEDIME-SE).

Një rast i panjohur: Romët në Shqipëri. (1997, June 15). [An unknown case: Roma in Albania]. ERRC.

Ringold, D., Mitchel, A., Orenstein, E., W. (2003). Roma in an expanding Europe: breaking the poverty cycle. A World Bank Study. Washington D. C.

Fonseca, I. (1995, September 25). Among the gypsies. The New Yorker.

Taho, B. (2002). Document on the situation of roma in Albania. European Scientific Journal, 9(5). file:///C:/Users/Computer/AppData/Local/Temp/804-Article%20Text-2455-1-10-20130228.pdf

De Soto, H., Beddies, S., Gedeshi, I. (2005). Roma and egyptians in Albania: from social exclusion to social inclusion. Washington, DC. World Bank Group.

Courthiade, M., and Duka, J. (1992.). A social and historical profile of the rroms in Albania. ECRI. Strasbourg.

Jakov, M. (1944). The Albanian race. Tirana

Hoxha, E. (1983). Younger years. Tirana.

How to Cite
Osmanaj, E. (2017). The Roma Community in Albania. The Assimilationist Tendencies during Communism and the recent situation. Postmodernism Problems, 7(3), 229-234. Retrieved from